Pediatric Ophthalmology


Our children's service covers all major types of eye conditions. These include squints (strabismus) and lazy eye (amblyopia), refractive errors, problems with the eye socket, tear glands and lids, anophthalmia and microphthalmia (for children born without eyes or with very small eyes), cataracts, external and corneal diseases, genetic conditions, glaucoma, retinal disorders, and inflammatory eye conditions (uveitis). Our childrens' services covers all major types of eye conditions.

Eye Conditions Covered


  • Refractive Errors: Myopia, Hyperopia, Astigmatism, Accommodative Insufficiency as well as Convergence Insufficiency and any other conditions relating to asthenopia in children.
  • Squints (strabismus) and Lazy Eye (amblyopia): Strabismus is a misalignment of the eyes that affects 2-4% of the population; it is often associated with amblyopia. The inward turning gaze commonly referred to as "crossed-eyes" is an example of strabismus. The term strabismus also applies to other types of misalignments, including an upward, downward, or outward turning eye. Amblyopia (aka lazy eye) occurs when the vision of one eye is significantly better than the other eye, and the brain begins to rely on the better eye and ignore the weaker one. Amblyopia affects 4% of the population and is clinically diagnosed when the refractive error of one eye is more than 1.5 diopters different from the other eye (anisometropia) or one of the eye is misaligned for a long period of time (Strabismus). The management of amblyopia involves correcting of significant refractive errors and using techniques that encourage the brain to pay attention to the weaker eye such as patching the stronger eye (occlusion therapy).
  • Orbital: Problems with the eye sockets, tear glands and lids, anophthalmia and microphthalmia (for children born without eyes or with very small eyes). This can be evaluated and possibly surgically corrected by a pediatric ophthalmologist.
  • Catarats: Generally congenital where the child is born with them but may also result due to trauma. The ophthalmologist can carry out cataract surgery and successfully restore vision.
  • External and cornea diseases : Any infections such as conjunctivitis and more advanced conditions such as keratoconus is also treated in children.
  • Genetic conditions such as Glaucoma and Retinitis Pigmentosa amongst others often cause eye problems for affected children. Since approximately 30% of genetic syndromes affect the eyes, examination by a pediatric ophthalmologist can help with the diagnosis of genetic conditions as well as early treatment and management.
  • Inflammatory eye conditions such as uveitis.
  • Retinal Disorders.
  • Evaluation of visual issues in education, including dyslexia and attention deficit disorder.

Understand more about eye conditions by visiting Eye Glossary and Conditions Page.

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