Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

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What is AMD?

A lazy eye, also known by its medical term amblyopia, is a vision condition that occurs in childhood. A lazy eye in children can develop between birth and the age of seven years old, when one eye is used less than the other. As a result, the affected eye is not able to build a strong link with the brain and will have reduced vision.

Typically, amblyopia only affects one eye, although in rare instances, both eyes may be affected due to a strong glasses prescription. It is estimated that this condition affects around 1 in 50 children.

Causes of AMD

The exact causes of macular degeneration are still unknown, but certain factors increase the risk of developing AMD.

Individuals who smoke have a higher risk of developing macular degeneration


Overweight or obesity


High blood pressure


Family history

AMD Symptoms

The following are common signs and symptoms associated with age-related macular degeneration:

Distorted or blurred vision


Loss of central vision


Impaired ability to see fine details


Preserved peripheral vision


Diminished color perception

When to seek medical advice
To ensure early detection and appropriate treatment for age-related macular degeneration, it is important to schedule regular eye examinations with an optician. During these examinations, a specialist optometrist will conduct a macular degeneration test, which involves assessing your vision and examining the back of your eye using a magnifying instrument. In some cases, the optometrist may administer eye drops to facilitate the examination. It’s important to note that these drops may temporarily blur your vision for approximately 4-6 hours. Therefore, it is advisable to avoid driving immediately after your appointment if you have received these drops.

Treatment Options
During your consultation with a specialist, a personalized treatment plan for macular degeneration will be discussed. However, the following provides an overview of the current treatment options available:

At Lions Eye SightFirst Hospital, we offer intravitreal injections as a treatment for wet macular degeneration. These injections utilize medications such as Ranibizumab (Lucentis) or Aflibercept (Eylea), which belong to a group of medicines known as anti-VEGF drugs. Regularly injecting these medications into the eye can help prevent the growth, leakage, and bleeding of abnormal blood vessels under the retina.

Take Control of Your Vision

Don’t let amblyopia compromise your sight. Experience the highest standard of care and innovative treatments at our renowned hospital. Trust our specialized team of experts to guide you towards preserving your vision and enjoying life to the fullest.

Satellite Clinics

We offer convenient satellite clinics in various locations across the city, bringing our specialized eye care services closer to you.

Contact Us

Need to get in touch with us? You can reach our friendly and knowledgeable staff on: .
+254 (0) 728 970 601 / +254 (0) 733 619 191

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